Most of the government organizations in India hold Competitive examinations for jobs. These are held for recruiting the suitable candidates amongst the plethora of job seekers. Apart from merit, other important criteria for job selections in India are different affirmative actions and reservation policy of government. Reservation policies are employed because of the need of assimilating weaker and ignored sections of the population in the main stream.
In general, around 7.5 percent seats are reserved for ST (Scheduled Tribes), 15% for SC (Scheduled Caste) Candidates and 27 % seats are reserved for OBC (Other Backward classes) candidates. Rest is for general class of the candidates. As per Supreme Court rules, number of reserved seats for all India competitive examinations should not exceed 50% of the total seats. So one hand, these competitive examinations help in choosing the best candidates for government jobs and at the same time they are also instrumental in uplifting weaker sections of the society.
Most of these exams are held in various stages and in different time of the year. Eligibility criteria also tend to differ. Various competitive examinations in India are;
I.A.F Airman Technical Trades Exam
I.A.F Airman Non Technical Trades Exam
SSC Stenographer’s Grade ‘D’ Examination
Civil Services Examination
Combined Engineering Services Examination
Combined Medical Services
Competitive Examination for Jobs in Indian Defense Forces
SSC Combined Graduate
SSC Stenographer’s Grade ‘C’ Examination
SSC Clerks Grade Examination
SSC Assistant Grade Examinations
SSC Combined Matric Preliminary Examination